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Scientific Publications

Publications (in peer-reviewed journals) :



76. Sanap, S.D., G. Pandithurai and M.G. Manoj (2015), On the response of Indian summer monsoon to aerosol forcing in CMIP5 model simulations, Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2516-2 (Published online).

 75. Tiwari, S., G. Pandithurai, S. D. Attri, A. K. Srivastava, V. K. Soni, D. S. Bisht, V. Anil Kumar and M. K. Srivastava: Aerosol optical properties and their relationship with meteorological parameters during wintertime in Delhi, India. Atmospheric Research, 153, 465-479, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.09.015.


74. Devara P.C.S., Sumit Kumar, Vijaykumar K., Pandithurai G., Sun-Sky radiometer synthesis of interplay between aerosols and monsoon activity over Pune, India, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 171, September 2014, DOI: 10.1007/s00024-014-0828-5, 2501-2517.

73. Dipu S., Pandithurai G., Panicker A.S., Takamura T., Lee D-I, Kim D.  Assessment and validation of i-skyradiometer retrievals using broadband flux and MODIS Data, Advances in Meteorology, 2014, February 2014, Article ID 849279.

 72. Panicker A.S., Pandithurai G., Beig G., Kim D.C., Lee D.I. (2014), Aerosol modulation of ultraviolet radiation dose over four metro cities in India, Advances in Meteorology, 2014, January 2014, DOI:10.1155/2014/202868.

71. Latha R., Murthy B.S., Manoj Kumar, Jyotsna S., Lipi K., Pandithurai G., Mahanti N.C. (2014), Aerosol optical properties and composition over a table top complex mining area in the Monsoon trough region, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 14,  DOI:10.4209/aaqr.2013.02.0062, 806-817.

70. Bisht, D.S., A.K. Srivastava, A.S. Pipal, M.K. Srivastava, A.K. Pandey, S. Tiwari, G. Pandithurai (2014), Aerosol characteristics at a rural station in southern peninsular India during CAIPEEX-IGOC: Physical and Chemical properties, Environ Sci Pollut Res., DOI:10.1007/s11356-014-3836-1.

69. Harikishan, G., B. Padmakumari, R. S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai, and Q. L. Min (2014), Macrophysical and microphysical properties of monsoon clouds over a rain shadow region in India from ground-based radiometric measurements, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 4736–4749, doi:10.1002/2013JD020872.

 68. Tiwari, S., A.S. Pipal, A.K. Srivastava, D.S. Bisht, and G. Pandithurai (2014), Determination of wood burning and fossil fuel contribution of black carbon at Delhi, India using aerosol light absorption technique, Env. Sci. & Poll Res., DOI:10.1007/s11356-014-3531-2.

67. Panicker, A.S., G. Pandithurai, P.D. Safai, S. Dipu, T. V. Prabha and M. Konwar, (2014) Observations of black carbon induced semi-direct over Northeast India, Atmos. Environ., 98, 685-692.

 66. Sanap S. D. and G. Pandithurai  (2014), Inter-annual variability of aerosols and its relationship with regional climate over Indian subcontinent using EOF technique, Int. J.  Climatol, DOI:10.1002/joc.4037.

65. Sanap, S. D., D. C. Ayantika, G. Pandithurai and K. Niranjan (2014), Assessment of the aerosol distribution over Indian subcontinent in CMIP5 models, Atmos. Environ., 123-137, .

64. Rambabu S., Pillai J.S., Agarwal A., Pandithurai G. (2014), Evaluation of brightness temperature from a forward model of ground-based microwave radiometer, J. Earth System Sci., 123,  641-650.

63. Safai, P.D., Raju M.P., Rao P.S.P., Pandithurai G. (2014), Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols over the urban tropical location and a new approach to evaluate their climatic importance, Atmospheric Environment, 92, June 2014, 493-500.


62. Dipu, S., Thara V. Prabha, G. Pandithurai, J. Dudhia, G. Pfister, K. Rajesh and B. N. Goswami, Atmos. Environ. (2013). Impact of elevated aerosol layer on the cloud macrophysical properties prior to monsoon onset, Atmos. Environ., DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.12.036, 454-467.

61. Devara, P.C.S., S. Kumar, G. Pandithurai, P. D. Safai and S. Dipu (2013), Comparison between urban aerosol products retrieved from collocated Cimel and Prede Sun/sky radiometers at Pune, India, Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, MAP-D-12-00133. (IF=0.903)


60. Hashimoto, M., T. Nakajima, O. Dubovik, M. Campanelli, H. Che, P. Khatri, T. Takamura, and G. Pandithurai (2012), Development of a new data-processing method for SKYNET sky radiometer observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2723-2012.

59. Prabha T.V., Patade S., G. Pandithurai, Khain A., Axisa D., Pradeep Kumar P., Maheshkumar R.S., Kulkarni J.R., Goswami B.N., (2012), Spectral width of premonsoon and monsoon clouds over Indo-Gangetic valley Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, October 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016837, D20205, 1-15 [IF-3.303].

58. Pandithurai, G., S. Dipu, T. V. Prabha, R. S. Maheskukar, J.R. Kulkarni, and B. N. Goswami, (2012): Aerosol effect on droplet spectral dispersion in warm continental cumuli, J. Geophys. Res , 2011JD0016532 (Accepted).

57. Nair S., Sanjay J., Pandithurai G., Maheskumar R.S., Kulkarni J.R.,(2012): On the parameterization of cloud droplet effective radius using CAIPEEX aircraft observations for warm clouds in India, Atmospheric Research, 108, May 2012, DOI:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.02.002, 104-114.

56. Kulkarni J.R., Maheshkumar R. S., Morwal S. B. , Padma kumari B.,  Konwar M., Deshpande C. G., Joshi R. R. , Bhalwankar R. V., Pandithurai G.,  Safai P. D.,  Narkhedkar S. G., Dani K.K., Nath A., Sathy Nair, Sapre V.V., Puranik P. V.,  Kandalgaonkar S.S., Mujumdar V.R., Khaladkar R.M., Vijaykumar R., Prabha T.V. and  Goswami B.N. (2012), Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment (CAIPEEX): overview and preliminary results, Current Science, 102, February 2012, 413-425.

55. Urankar G. M., T. V. Prabha, Pandithurai G., P. M. Prabhu P.M., Achuthavarier D.,  B. N. Goswami B.N. (2012),  Aerosol and cloud feedbacks on surface energy balance over selected regions of Indian subcontinent, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D04210, doi:10.1029/2011JD016363.


54. Seethala,C., Pandithurai G., Fast J. D. ,  Polade S. D.,  Reddy  M. S. and  Peckham S. E. (2011), Evaluating WRF-Chem Multi-scale model in simulating aerosol radiative properties over the tropics - A case study over India, MAPAN J. Metrology Society of India, 26, 4, pp. 269-284.

53. Prabha T.V., Khain A., Maheshkumar R.S., Pandithurai G., Kulkarni J.R., Konwar M., Goswami B.N. (2011)   Microphysics of pre-monsoon and monsoon clouds as seen from in situ measurements during CAIPEEX, J. Atmo. Sci, online, pp. 1-60, doi: 10.1175/2011JAS3707.1

52. Soni, V.K., G. Pandithurai and D.S. Pai (2011), Evaluation of long-term solar  radiation trends in India, Int. Journal of Climatology, doi:10.1002/joc.10.034


51. Panicker, A.S., G. Pandithurai, P.D. Safai, S. Dipu and D. Lee (2010), On the contribution of black carbon the composite aerosol radiative forcing over an urban environment, Atmos. Environ., 44, 3066-3070

50. Dani K.K., Raj P.E., Devara P.C.S., Pandithurai G., Sonbawne S.M., Maheskumar R.S., Saha S.K., Jaya Rao Y (2010), Long-term trends and variability in measured multi-spectral aerosol optical depth over a tropical urban station in India, Int. Journal of Climatol, doi: 10.1002/joc.2250.

49. Panicker A.S., Pandithurai G., Dipu S., Aerosol indirect effect during successive contrasting monsoon seasons over Indian subcontinent using MODIS data, Atmospheric Environment, 44, 2010, 1937-1943


48. Raj P.E., Sonbawne S.M., Dani K.K., Saha S.K., G. Pandithurai G.,  Devara P.C.S., Changes observed in sun photometer derived total column ozone and possible implications on surface-reaching UV radiation over a tropical Indian station, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 30, 2009, 4153-4165

47.  G. Pandithurai, T. Takamura, J. Yamaguchi, K. Miyagi, T. Takano, Y. Ishizaka, S. Dipu, and A. Shimizu (2009), Aerosol effect on cloud droplet size as monitored from surface-based remote sensing over East China Sea region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L13805, doi:10.1029/2009GL038451.

46.   Panicker, A.S., Pandithurai G., T. Takamura and R. T. Pinker (2009), Aerosol effects in the UV-B spectral region over Pune, an urban site in India, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L10802, doi:10.1029/2009GL037632.


45. Pandithurai, G., S. Dipu, K. K. Dani, S. Tiwari, D. S. Bisht, P.C.S. Devara and R. T. Pinker (2008): Aerosol radiative forcing during dust events over New Delhi, India, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D13209, doi:10.1029/2008JD009804.

44. Pandithurai, G., C. Seethala, B. S. Murthy and P.C.S. Devara (2008): Investigation of atmospheric boundary layer characteristics for different aerosol absorptions: Case studies using CAPS model, Atmos. Environ, 42, 4755-4768.

43. Panicker, A. S., G. Pandithurai, P. D. Safai, and S. Kewat, (2008), Observations of enhanced aerosol longwave radiative forcing over an urban environment, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L04817, doi:10.1029/2007GL032879.

42. Raj P.E., Devara P.C.S., Saha S.K., Sonbawne S.M., Dani K.K., Pandithurai G., Murthy A.R. (2008), Temporal variations in sun photometer measured precipitable water in near IR band and its comparison with model estimates at a tropical Indian station, Atmosfera, 21, 317-333

41.  Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., K.K. Dani, G. Pandithurai, M.C.K. Reddy, S. M. Sonbawne, Y. Jaya rao and S. K. Saha (2008) Mobile Lidar profiling of tropospheric aerosols and clouds, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 25, 1288-1295.

40. Raj P.E., Saha S.K., Sonbawne S.M., Desphpande S.M., Devara P.C.S., Rao Jaya Y., Dani K.K., Pandithurai G., Lidar observation of aerosol stratification in the lower troposphere over Pune during pre-monsoon season of 2006, J. Earth System Sci., 117, 293-302.


39.  G. Pandithurai, R.T. Pinker, T. Takamura, P.C.S. Devara and K.K. Dani, (2007), Seasonal asymmetry in diurnal variation of aerosol optical characteristics over Pune, western India, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D08208, doi:10.1029/2006JD007803.

38.  Devara, P.C.S., P.E. Raj, G. Pandithurai, K.K. Dani, S.M. Sonbawne and Y. Jaya rao, (2007), Differential absorption lidar probing of atmospheric ozone over a tropical urban station in India, Meas. Sci. Technology, 18, 639-644.

37. Devara, P.C.S., P.E. Raj, Y. Jaya Rao, G. Pandithurai, K. K. Dani, K. M. C. Reddy, S. K. Saha and S. M. Sonbawne (2007), Optical remote sensing contributes to earth-atmosphere radiation research, The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE) Newsroom,1-3.


36.  G. Pandithurai, R.T. Pinker, T. Takamura and P.C.S. Devara, 2004: Aerosol radiative forcing over a tropical urban station in India, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L12107, doi: 10.1029/2004GL019702.

35. R.T. Pinker, G. Pandithurai, B.N. Holben, T.O. Keefer and D. Goodrich, 2004: Aerosol properties in the semi-arid western United States, Atmos. Res., 71, 243-252.

34. Raj, P.E., P.C.S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, R.S. Maheskumar, K.K. Dani, S.K. Saha and S.M. Sonbawne, 2004: Variability in sunphotometer-derived total ozone over a tropical urban station, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D08309, doi:10.1029/2003JD004195.

33. Raj, P.E., P.C.S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, R.S. Maheskumar, K.K. Dani, 2004: Some results of sunphotometer derived precipitable water content over a tropical Indian station, J. Appl. Meteorol., 43, 1452-1459.

32. Potdar, M.B., P.C.S. Devara, S.A. Sharma, P.E. Raj, V.V. Parikh, Y.K. Tiwari, R.S. Maheskumar, K.K. Dani, S.K. Saha, S.M. Sonbawne, Y. Jayarao and G. Pandithurai, 2004: Remote sensing of spectral signature of land-surface aerosols, Proceedings of Indian Academy of Sciences (Earth and Planetary Sciences), 113(1), 103-116.


31. Devara, P.C.S., P.E. Raj, G. Pandithurai and K.K. Dani, 2003: Relationship between lidar-based observations of aerosol content and monsoon precipitation over a tropical station, Pune, India, Meteorological Applications, 10, 3, 253-262.

30. Tiwari, Y.K., P.C.S. Devara, P.E. Raj, R.S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai and K.K. Dani, 2003: Tropical urban aerosol distributions during pre-sunrise and post-sunset as observed with lidar and solar radiometer at Pune, India, J. Aerosol Science, 34, 449-458.

29. Raj, P.E., P.C.S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, R.S. Maheskumar and K.K. Dani, 2003: Some atmospheric aerosol characteristics as determined from laser angular scattering measurement at a continental urban station, Atmosfera, 39-52.


28. Devara, P.C.S., R.S. Maheskumar, P.E. Raj, G. Pandithurai and K.K. Dani, 2002: Recent trends in aerosol climatology and air pollution as inferred from multi-year lidar observations over a tropical urban station, Int. J. Climatol., 22, 435-449.

27. Raj, P.E., P.C.S. Devara, R.S. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai and K.K. Dani, 2002: Lidar-derived aerosol concentration and their relationship with horizontal winds over an urban location, Mausam, 53, 2, 145-152.


26. G. Pandithurai, R. T. Pinker, O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, and T. O. Aro, 2001: Remote sensing of aerosol optical characteristics in Sub-Sahel, West Africa, J. of Geophys. Res., 106, D22, 28347-28356.

25. R. T. Pinker, G. Pandithurai, B. N. Holben , O. Dubovik, and T. O. Aro, 2001: A dust outbreak episode in sub-Sahel West Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 22923-22930.

24. Maheskumar, R.S., P.C.S. Devara, G. Pandithurai, P. Ernest Raj and K.K. Dani, 2001: Study of winter aerosol optical depths over a tropical urban station, Atmosfera, 14, 4, 159-169.

23. R.S. Maheskumar, P.C.S. Devara, P. Ernest Raj, G. Pandithurai, K.K. Dani and G.A. Momin, 2001: Comparison of atmospheric aerosol properties inferred from direct and remote sensing techniques, Atmos. Environ., 35, 2895-2905.


22. Pinker, R.T., I. Laszlo, D. Goodrich and G. Pandithurai, 2000: Satellite estimates of surface radiative fluxes for the extended San Pedro Basin: sensitivity to aerosols, J. Agri & Forest Meteorol., 43-54.


21. Devara, P.C.S., P.E. Raj, R.S. Maheskumar, K.K. Dani and G. Pandithurai, 1999: Ground-based lidar study of aerosol and boundary layer characteristics during INDOEX first field phase, Current Science, 76, 973-976.

20. Devara, P.C.S., R.S. Maheskumar, P.E. Raj, K.K. Dani, G. Pandithurai and Y.J. Rao, 1999: Correlative measurements of aerosol optical depth and size distribution around INDOEX-FFP 98 from multi-spectral solar radiometry, Current Science, 76, 977-980.


19. Devara, P.C.S., G. Pandithurai, P.E. Raj, R.S. Maheskumar, K.K. Dani, 1998: Atmospheric aerosol-cloud-stability relationship as observed with optical and radio remote sensing techniques, Atmos. Res., 49, 65-76.


18. Pandithurai, G., Devara, P.C.S., Maheskumar, Raj, P.E., and Dani, K.K.,1997 : Spectral characteristics of urban aerosols and their assoication with relative humidity, Atmos. Res., 45, 109-122.

17. Pandithurai, G., Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E. and Sharma, S., 1997: Retrieval of aerosol size index from high-resolution spectroradiometer observations, Aerosol Sci. & Tech, 26, 154-162.

16. Pandithurai, G. and Devara, P.C.S., 1997 : Solar multi-spectral radiometric observations of atmospheric optical thickness over Pasarlapudi gas well blow-out site in India, Adv. Atmos. Sci., 14, 417-424.

15. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Pandithurai, G., and Praveen Naresh, 1997: Atmospheric stability effects on aerosol structure and stratification, J. Meteorol., 22, 176-187.

14. Raj, P.E., Devara, P.C.S., Sharma, S. and Pandithurai, G. 1997 : Effect of wind and temperature on time evolution of laser beam scintillations in the surface layer : A case study, Indian J. Rad. & Space Phys., 26, 45-48.

13. Raj, P.E., Devara, P.C.S., Maheskumar, R.S., Pandithurai, G., and Dani, K.K., 1997: Lidar measurements of aerosol column content in an urban nocturnal boundary layer, Atmos. Res., 45, 201-216.


12. Pandithurai, G., Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E. and Sharma, S., 1996: Aerosol size distribution and refractive index from bistatic lidar angular scattering measurements in the surface layer. Remote Sens. Environ., 56, 87-96.

11. Devara, P.C.S., Pandithurai, G., Raj, P.E. and Sharma, S., 1996: Investigations of aerosol optical depth variations using spectroradiometer at an urban station, Pune, India. J. Aerosol Sci., 27, 621-632.

10. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Pandithurai, G., Maheskumar, R.S. and Dani, K.K., 1996 : Lidar for environmental monitoring. In:Advances in Instrumentation (eds. B.S. Ramprasad, S. Asokan, K. Rajanna & N.C.Shivaprakash), New Age International (P) Limited, Publications, India, pp. 41-47.

9.  Raj, P.E., Devara, P.C.S., Pandithurai, G. and Sharma, S., 1996: Cloud-base height estimations by laser radar at Pune. Ind. Jour. Radio & Space Phys., 25, 74-78.

 Before 1995

8. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Murthy, B.S., Pandithurai, G., Sharma, S. and Vernekar, K.G., 1995: Intercomparison of nocturnal lower atmospheric structure observed with lidar and sodar techniques at Pune, India, J. Appl. Meteorol., 34, 6, 1375-1383.

 7. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Sharma, S. and Pandithurai, G., 1995: Real-time monitoring of atmospheric aerosols using a computer-controlled lidar Atmos. Environ., 29, 2205-2215.

 6. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Sharma, S. and Pandithurai, G., 1995: Laser studies of atmospheric turbulence in the surface layer, J. Optics, 24, 2, 1-13.

5. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., and Pandithurai, G., 1995: Aerosol profile measurements in the lower troposphere using four-wavelength bistatic Argon ion lidar, Appl. Opt., 34, 4416-4425.

4. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Pandithurai, G., and S. Sharma, 1995: A high spectral resolution radiometer for atmospheric monitoring, J. Instrum,. Soc. India, 25, 142-154.

3. Devara, P.C.S., Raj, P.E., Sharma, S.and Pandithurai, G., 1995: Aerosol lidar studies at a tropical urban station, J. Aerosol Sci, 26, S453-S454.

 2. Raj, P.E., Sharma, S., Devara, P.C.S., and Pandithurai, G.,, 1993: Study of laser scintillation in different atmospheric conditions, J. Appl. Meteorol., 32, 1161-1167.

 1. Pandithurai, G., Sharma, S., Raj, P.E., and Devara, P.C.S., 1993: Optical-thermal determination of Cn2 in the lower atmosphere, J. Optics, 22, 67-72.