The Life Cycle of a Stationary Cloud Cluster during the Indian Summer Monsoon: A Microphysical Investigation Using Polarimetric C-Band Radar
Cloud clusters are the ones producing the maximum amount of rainfall and often contribute to the rainfall extremes. Their physics and dynamics and propensities of rainfall on the ground are often a significant challenge for many numerical models. The understanding of cloud clusters is often limited due to their large extent and rapid movement. The cloud cluster described in our study is observed with dual-polarized radar, which can also delineate the ice and water in the cloud. We present a case, well-observed during the CAIPEEX campaign within the radar surveillance area in Solapur. It may be noted that unique observational data, careful analysis and the investigation of rain types and their representation in numerical models is illustrated over the Indian region for the first time. These studies provide insights for further development of model physics.